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Word Count: 643
From 1820 to 1930 the United States received about 60 of the worlds immigrants Population expansion in developed areas of the world improved methods of transportation Reasons for immigration like those for migration are often economic although religious or political factors may be very important These economic political and social conditions led to the New immigration after 1890 Take for instance the political reasons where new immigrants favored democratic America where citizens had a voice in government because European governments were run by upper classes and commoners had no say in political matters When it comes to social reasons we see that the European society was characterized by class distinctions for the lower class and discrimination against religious minorities and most European governments forced young men to serve terms of military service Economically European city workers worked for low wages ant there was unemployment Immigrants figured finding a job would be easy and making money would be a cinch There is quite a difference between New immigration and Old immigration in which the old immigrants came from Northern and Western Europe such as Ireland Germany Great Britain and Scandinavian countries before 1890 They arrived when the frontiers were open to them in which they settled down on farms On the other hand New immigrations occurred at a later time particularly after 1890 where immigrants came from Southern and Eastern Europe such as Greece Russia Poland Italy and Austria-Hungary They arrived when the frontier was closed They then settled in the cities as factory workers and were secluded to the Pales of settlement where the immigrants were forced to live in special areas and were declined to education and legal and economic discrimination The immigrant experience was absolutely bitter When the immigrants came to the United States they traveled by ship not only was the seawater rough so was their position Immigrants were forced to steerage where the air was hot people were sick and
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