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OceanographySalt Marshes Salt marshes are coastal wetlands rich in marine life which are covered by water at least once per month They are found in the intertidal zones along low-energy coastlines forming along the margins of estuaries where freshwater from the land mixes with seawater These marshes can be found near the Great South Bay and the Long Island Sound The entire south shore of Long Island is considered to be a salt marsh important to the health of the marine life Beginning in Jamaica Bay and extending to Montauk Point Long Islands salt marches help remove toxic chemicals that are caused by pollution thus making them a vital part of the eco-system The Salt Marshes contain different types of grasses that grow out of the water and along the waters edge This grass can be seen when the tide is low and is covered by water when the tide comes in This grass helps hold the soil together by dispersing any wave energy and creating a breeding ground for many important marine animals Also the plants act as a natural filter removing any chemicals that might be in the seawater Some of the plants that are found in salt marshes are Salt Marsh Grass or Spartina Alterniflora and Cord grass as well as reeds sedges and golden rod At low tide nutrient-rich water flows from the marsh back into the sea feeding the plankton upon which all other life depends Peat which is what the march is mostly made of is very absorbent In some areas it limits coastal flooding by containing the water that comes in during a very high or storm-driven tide Peat also acts as a filter cleaning water by removing various compounds and either storing or breaking them down The salt marsh is also an important breeding ground for many species of marine life These animals use the marsh and its tall grasses for
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