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1 INTRODUCTION A major element in the agreement between the charterer and the shipowner is the promise of the charterer to employ the chartered vessel in safety This presupposes that the above- mentioned has the obligation to transport the goods between safe ports A port will not be safe unless in the relevant period of time the particular ship can reach it use it and return from it without in the absence of some abnormal occurrence being expose to danger which can not be avoided by good navigation and seamanship There is no distinction between voyage and time charter parties The charterer in order to nominate a port must examine its safety viewing many options In accordance to the above there are many types of safety ports such as meteorologically which is mentioned on weather conditions physically about the nature of the port and politically about the events that taking place at the specific port Although the charterer has nominated a safe port the shipowner has the right to investigate for each safety and reject the order of the charterer in case that he does not agree with it When a vessel is ordered to a port there are two obligations for the charterer The primary obligation which is the main obligation of the charterer to nominate a safe port and the secondary which cancels the primary when certain circumstances become and the port is not safe any more Certain occasion is when the charterer is not well informed about the safety of the port However this does not protect him from his liabilities The obligation of the charterer does not be completed by the arrival of the vessel at a safe port but it continues until the departure of the vessel 11 VOYAGE AND TIME CHARTER PARTIES In general the criteria applicable in the case of voyage charters also to time charters Thus the
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