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In Vitro Fertilization is the process in which infertile women or women with husbands that are infertile can have children Popularly known as test tube fertilization In Vitro Fertilization is Latin for in glass fertilization The first test tube baby was born in 1978 How was this done Well Ill tell you the most scientific explanation about this amazing method of artificial insemination Four elements are necessary for In Vitro Fertilization to take place First you must have ripe eggs from the women to be fertilized Second You must have the mans sperm Next a proper environment should be found to mix the egg and the sperm to achieve fertilization Finally you must also have an environment to support the development of the embryo The first step in preparing a human egg for fertilization in vitro is the collection of the pre-ovulatory eggs Physicians must obtain these eggs during their final stages of maturation just before ovulation The actual retrieval of the eggs begins when the surgeon administers to the woman a general anesthetic in preparation for the recovery off the eggs The physician then makes a small incision in the womans abdomen near the navel inserts a lapraoscope and then guides it through the abdominal cavity to the ovary The laparoscope is a long thin fiberoptic tube approximately 033 inches in diameter It contains a light and an optical system that enables the surgeon to see the ovaries The surgeon then retrieves the eggs There is also another way of doing this It is called transvaginal ultrasound-directed oocyte egg retrieval In this procedure the eggs are obtained from the ovaries by inserting a needle through the vaginal wall instead of through the abdominal wall After collecting the egg
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