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Incarceration Traditional vs Alternative Crime is defined as an act or an omission of an act against society Unfortunately crime has plagued all of mankind throughout time Equally there has always been a question about the methods of dealing with these criminals Whether it is retaliatory or treatment based it is generally agreed that the criminal must be punished The way that society punishes criminal behaviour seems to be a barometer of culture Punishment signifies a societys values morality sensibilities and reasoning Traditionally retaliatory methods of punishment or punishments that use revenge were widespread throughout the world This form of a penalty included anything from corporal and capital punishment to incarceration and banishment In the modern world incarceration has become the common method for supposed rehabilitation Recently it has been argued that the use of treatment-based strategies for prisoner reformation is far more effective This has spurred the need of alternative techniques In theory the use of these alternative methods of incarceration allow the convicted criminal offender to be humanely reintegrated into society more effectively than traditional methods This theory is based on the criminals possibility of productive membership in society and the belief of the individuality or uniqueness of criminals derived from the field of criminology It also encompasses the preconditions of sentencing and principles similar to that of the justification of incarceration Pre-modern criminal discipline constituted mostly of exile and a variety of corporal and capital punishments The predominant principle was an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth Dodge 3 It was later believed that a better punishment would be one that forced the criminal to contemplate his offence for an extended period of time This sanction was called prison which is a restriction of freedom of movement for a prescribed amount of time with the temporary loss of liberty Bonta 1 During the nineteenth century prisons were rapidly becoming major social institutions and becoming commonplace Maeve 10 As
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