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East-Timor-Conflict Background The invasion of the Indonesian military on December the 7th 1975 produced an armed conflict After the invasion followed the annexation on 17th of Juli 1976 About a third of 690000 inhabitants died through hunger and sickness The US-American Scientist Noam Chomsky said the Indonesian occupying forces is guilty for the maybe highest deathrate related to the total population since the Holocaust For your engagement for a peaceful solution of the conflict the East Timorese bishop Carlos Belo and the abroad acting speaker of the resistance movement Jos Ramos-Horta were awarded for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1996 1949 the Indonesian Republic were founded as an independent country on until then Dutch colonial region in South East Asian This included West Timor but not East Timor which wasnt under Portuguese administration The overthrow of the dictatorship in Portugal through the carnationrevolution 1974 followed a process of decolonisation of all Portuguese oversea provinces The Frente Revolucionria de Timor Leste Independente FRETILIN Revolutionary Front for an independent East Timor became the most important political force It was an independence movement in the style of the 70s Since shortly after the FRETILIN proclaimed the independence at the end of October the Indonesian military marched in East Timor and put down every form of resistance During the first years after the invasion it got numerous armed struggles and the Indonesian military also take action against the civil population Today the native population expresses their protest against the occupation of their country above all with political demonstrations On December 12th 1991 it came to the most serious incident of the young time During a funeral obsequies in Dili the capital of East Timor Indonesian soldiers shot 273 people how a Portuguese fact-finding commission found out later This event went trough media as Dili-Massacre because an accidental present western camera team could capture the happenings One year later in November 1992 the long-standing leader of the
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