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American jazz is another non-European influence on twentieth-century composers Musicians were fascinated by its syncopated rhythms and improvisational quality as well as by the unique tone colors of jazz bands Unlike a string-dominated symphony orchestra a jazz band emphasizes woodwinds brasses and percussion Jazz elements were used in works as early as Debussys Golliwoggs Cake-Walk from the suite Childrens Corner 1908 and Stravinskys Ragtime from The Soldiers Tale 1918 But the peak of jazz influence came during the jazz age of the 1920s with works such as the ballet La Creation du monde The Creation of the World 1923 by the French composer Darius Milhaud and the Piano Concerto 1926 by the American composer Aaron Copland For Americans jazz idioms represented a kind of musical nationalism a search for an American sound lor European composers the incorporation of jazz rhythms and tone colors represented a kind of musical exoticism During the 1920s and 1930s popular composers such as George Gershwin 18981937 used Jazz and popular elements within classical forms Gershwins Rho psady in Blue 1924 and his opera lorgy and Bess 19341935 are well known Modern composers can also draw inspiration from a wider historical range of music During the twentieth century music from remote times has been unearthed by scholars and then published performed and recorded There has been a rediscovery of earlier masters such as Perotin and Machaut from the medieval period Josquin Desprez and Gesualdo from the Renaissance and Purcell and Vivaldi from the ba nx1ue Some important modern composers have been music historians like Anton Webern or experts in the performance of old music like Paul I lindemith Music from the past is a fruitful source of forms rhythms tone colors textures and compositional techniques Baroque dances like the gavotte and gigue and hnns like the passacaglia and concerto giosst arc being used again The long-forgotten harpsicluoid has been puL to new use in compositions such as Elliott Carters Sonata for
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