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International Effects of the Yom Kippur War The Arab-Israeli War of 1973 was an armed conflict between Israel and the Arab countries of Egypt and Syria fought during the month of October 1973 Egypt and Syria initiated the conflict to regain territories that Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967 Although both sides suffered heavy losses during the 1973 war Israel retained control of the territories Because the conflict began on the Jewish holiday of Yom Kippur and took place during the Muslim holy month of Ramadan the war is also called the Yom Kippur War by Israelis and the Ramadan War or the October War by Arabs Although it brought about no significant changes to territorial boundaries the 1973 war and its aftermath had far-ranging effects on the participant nations and their relations with world superpowers Egypt moved steadily away from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics USSR which had provided military and economic aid to Egypt since the 1950s and into a closer relationship with the United States Syria emerged from the war as the staunchest defender of Arab rights and the closest Middle Eastern ally of the USSR In Israel the war increased criticism of the countrys leaders who eventually resigned Finally the war signaled an increased commitment by the United States to negotiate and guarantee Arab-Israeli agreements Such agreements would center on the return of Israeli-held lands to Arab control in exchange for Arab recognition of Israel and security guarantees The long-standing conflict between Jews and Arabs over control of historic Palestine had resulted in wars in 1948 1956 and 1967 The Arab opposition to the Jewish state of Israel included neighboring Arab states and after 1964 the Palestine Liberation Organization PLO a political body working to create a state for Palestinian Arabs In the Six-Day War of 1967 Israel gained control of the Sinai Peninsula
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