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IntroductionMotivations behind development assistance delivery by developed countries are important factors for aid effectiveness Even though there are two side of relationship as donor and recipient decision making processes are generally dominated by donor Alberto Alesina and David dollar found out that the pattern of aid giving is dominated by political and strategic considerations in their study Who Gives Foreign Aid to Whom and Why 1 For instance Japan is almost only developed country outside of western world and one of the biggest donors in Official Development Assistance ODA delivery However being outside of western world geographically does not prevent to carry almost same weaknesses with western countries Japan development assistance directed also by political and commercial concerns more than needs of recipient countries This approach of Japan is effective in their ODA policies to the LDCs too ODA from donor countries are important income resources for LDCs Together with the other developed countries such as US and Germany Japan is an important donor for LDCs Japans ODA amount to LDCs in 2011 is about 2522 million US dollar OECDStatExtracts 2013 In this regard analyzing Japans ODA structure and specifically its relations with LDCs would be beneficial for development studiesWhat are the main factors behind aid activities of Japan How countries and regions are selected for aid delivery Why LDCs are important for Japan development assistance Trying to answer these and some more questions would be the main goal of this paper Historical backgroundDevelopment CooperationThere is not an international or academic agreement on the definition of development cooperation I prefer to use the definition made by Wikipedia in this paper because of it is the comprehensive definition Development aid or development cooperation also development assistance technical assistance international aid overseas aid official development assistance or foreign aid is financial aid given by governments and other agencies to support the economic environmental social and political development of developing also underdeveloped and less
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