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Cognitive development is an intellectual growth from infancy to adulthood Jean Piaget 1896-1980 a Swiss psychologist was one of the most important and influential researchers in the field of developmental psychology throughout the 20th century Piaget was born in Neuch Switzerland on August 9 1896 His father Arthur Piaget was a professor of medieval literature with an interest in local history His mother Rebecca Jackson was intelligent and energetic The oldest child he was very independent and took an early interest in nature He published his first paper when he was ten - a one page account of his sighting of an albino sparrow Piaget was the first to develop methods for studying the way infants and children see and understand the world around them In 1918 Piaget received his Doctorate in Science from the University of Neuch He worked for a year at psychology labs in Zurich and at Bleulers famous psychiatric clinic During this period he was introduced to the works of Freud Jung and others In 1919 he taught psychology and philosophy at the Sorbonne in Paris Piaget initially trained in the areas of biology and philosophy Piaget was very interested in how the mind worked and believed that what differentiated human beings from other animals is our capability to do abstract symbolic reasoning Piagets first job as a postgraduate student in psychology was as an intelligence tester for Alfred Binet 1957-1911 in Paris It was there he became interested in how children think He became aware that young childrens answers were qualitatively different from older children which suggested to him that young children answered questions differently than older children because they thought differently not because of their lack of intelligence As a biologist Piaget had an interest in how an organism adapts to its environment Behavior is controlled by schemes which are the fundamental proceedings of knowing counting both physical actions and mental actions Individual use these schemes to symbolize the
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