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Ethics Affect Actions What is the appropriate action Its a controversial question that is a focal point for moral and ethical code Morals and ethics is of course a subject that runs deep in the discussion of philosophy People are faced with moral dilemmas everyday which often times they decide without thoroughly examining their options Immanuel Kant and John Stuart Mill are two philosophers who focus on the topic of ethics yet with two different outlooks Kant is considered a non-consequentialist which means he feels the intentions motives and good will are more important than the results or consequences of an action On the other hand Mill is considered a consequentialist which means he feels happiness is the ultimate end of humanity It seems that Kant and Mill would stand opposed on many ethical topics like the question of meeting with Professor Wagstaff A student has made a promise to meet with Prof Wagstaff to discuss philosophy but the students friend suddenly falls ill and begs to be taken to the hospital With urgency of the situation growing the student then asks himself what he should do He might ask himself what Kant and Mill feel is the appropriate action but before he can do that we must fully understand their thoughts on ethics The backbone of Kants philosophy is the belief in the fundamental freedom of the individual Kant did not indicate anarchy but rather the idea of self-government and the creation and obedience of universal laws He believed the moral value of an action is assessed not from the purpose of the action but from the maxim from which the action springs He defines a maxim as a personal policy in the cause-effect framework Kant said that a person should only act on these maxims that could be willed into universal laws In order to create a universal law the action must be done out of good will or a pure hearted
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