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In the nineteen-thirties Nazi Germany tried to shape their churches into a propaganda machine by paying homage to Hitler in Christian literature They also did not allow anyone of Jewish decent to serve as a Christian minister German theologians agreed to cooperate with the Nazis as just another step in the churches need to adapt itself to modern culture The step was the continuation of liberal commentators who tried to organize part of the Bible which reflected the authors own ideas or reflections of his or her culture Liberal Protestants tried to erase memories of earlier culture replacing them with modern ideas Karl Barth one of the greatest Protestant theologians of the twentieth century believed that knowledge of God begins only with Jesus Christ not with human nature or modern civilization Barth opposed the idea of a Nazi Christian Church which was brought forth by German theologians and his hard stand captured the image of man in the early twentieth centuryIn disagreement with the German theologians a small group called the Confessing Church formed which included Karl Barth who helped to draft their manifesto called the Barmen Declaration of 1934 In it he wroteJesus Christ is the one word of God We repudiate the false teaching that the church can and must recognize other happenings and powers images and truths as divine revelation We repudiate the false teachings that there are areas of our life in which we belong not to Jesus Christ but to another lord We repudiate the false teaching that the church can turn over the form of her message and ordinances will or according to some dominant ideological and political convictions Barth also wrote the well publicized Church Dogmatics a thirteen volume unfinished work of church writings where he attacked all natural theology and all human efforts to understand God Karl Barth disagreed with many of the beliefs of liberal thinkers such as Harnack and Schleiermacher Liberal Protestants believed religion originates
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