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Essay Socrates was an early Greek philosopher who had many pupils but even more enemies In 399 BC he was charged with denying the existence of the gods of the state and in turn creating new divinities By teaching he was corrupting the youth of Athens He pleaded his case in Platos Apology but he was eventually convicted and executed In this essay I intend to prove that Socrates did not deny the existing Greek gods but only believed in one god and was in fact one of the first monotheists in history In Platos Euthyphro Socrates and Euthyphro have a friendly conversation in which Socrates asks Euthyphro to define the word piety Euthyphro points to his own actions-prosecuting his father for murdering a servant in anger-as a proper definition for piety He then cites examples from the actions of Zeus and Cronos who both turned against their fathers for their wrongdoings Socrates apparently doesnt believe in the Greek gods as he replies May not this be the reasonwhy I am charged with piety-that I cannot away with these stories of the gods Euthyphro p5 Socrates asks Euthyphro if he actually believes whether or not tehse storis of the gods are true and Euthyphro immediately replies that they are indeed and offers to tell Socrates more about the gods Once again he seems uninterested and kindly tells Euthyphro to recount the tales another time when Socrates has leisure which we can clearly see is sarcastic Socrates doesnt deny the existence of the Greek gods but he doesnt seem to believe in them In Platos Apology Socrates repeatedly refers to a single God the God of Delphi who is most likely Apollo But Socrates never directly calls his God Apollo Socrates had explained that God
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