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Larry P was a young African American boy who was struggling in his classes so he was referred by his general education teacher to be tested for educable mental retardation The school psychologist tested him for educable mental retardation using the Stanford Binet Intelligence Test His results said that he had mild mental retardation and he was immediately put into a self-contained classroom This diagnosis was based solely on his IQ score The number of African American children and other children of minority that were diagnosed with EMR was much larger than the number of Caucasian children Larry P versus Riles was a court case in which Larry P along with four other African American children fought back on the decision to put them in a EMR classroom Best 2011 p 5 This paper will describe the details of this court case and then go into detail of the plaintiffs argument and the defendants argument It will then state the outcome of the court case and how it relates to the current special education laws Details of the Court CaseThese five children challenged the San Francisco Unified School District State Superintendent Wilson Riles Members of the California State Board of Education and members of the San Francisco City Board of Education by taking them to court A preliminary injunction was granted by the district court and in December of 1974 it was expanded to all African American children who were placed in EMR classes based on the results of their IQ test In January of 1975 the defendants chose to place a moratorium to stop all African American children from getting IQ testing for placement into a EMR class In July of 1977 the plaintiff filed a new complaint and the trial began that December Best 2011 p 9Arguments of the PlaintiffThere were several major issues brought up in this case The first one asked since IQ tests were being used
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