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Word Count: 788
In 1651 Thomas Hobbes published Leviathan his famous work that detailed his physicalist outlook and his concept of the value of a social contract for a peaceful society and the nature of man His major belief was that man is a beast that defines his identity through the need to be controlled under some kind of external oppressive power This essay will explain Hobbes views of mans identity in the society and will demonstrate how it was mirrored in the political structureIn Hobbes work he explained that if individuals within a society continually lived by their own self-interests they would continue to hurt each other and be stuck in a state of war or chaos If the members of society were made to live within certain bounds that made it impossible for them to harm each other the members of society would be in a state of peace The only way to achieve this peaceful society Hobbes explained was for all members to unconditionally transfer all of their ability and will to defend themselves to the power of a big brother or parent This power would accept responsibility for mediating all disputes concerning the society both internal and external If any member of society violates an agreement with another member of that society then that individual would be guilty of violating their unconditional agreement to support the social contract which would then render them unjust and subject to punishment Conversely if the parent violated its own responsibility to protect the members of the society that society could then find itself another power to rule it All of this comes down to the fact that Hobbes truly believed that man would act as savages or beasts if left alone without the presence of a higher power or laws and the only thing stopping people from acting in this unruly manner is the fear of punishment In this state of war says Hobbes the continual fear of
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