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The Role of Women in Ancient Greece Women in Classical Ancient Greece held an inferior social position to men Although they were prominent in the Greek Mythology and writing such as Sophocles Antigone the average woman stayed at home spinning and weaving and doing household chores They never acted as hostesses when their husbands had parties and were seen in public only at the theater and certain religious festivals Women were prominent in functions such as weddings and in funerals since they took care of the bodies Women were not allowed to visit the Pan-Hellenic games or the cherished oracular shrines In Ancient Greece women werent allowed any freedom or rights both Homer and Sophocles both support Aristotle view that natural superiority of men over women In Homers The Odyssey many women feature but most find their place in the story only by their relationship to the men A womans prime role was to procreate and carry on a lineage and while some considered this ethereal and respectful others saw them as an unfortunately necessary nuisance woman is the consumer of men their sex their strength their food and their wealth and the instigator of all evils in the world yet without her society cannot continue Simonides 556-468 BC They were given no opportunity for education save in household management to remain indoors and send out those servants whose work is outside and superintend those who are to work indoors and watch over so much as is to be kept in store and take care that the sum laid by for a year be not spent in a month Aristotle Oikonomikos c 330 BC Women did not receive a formal education as the men did until the Macedonians conquered the Hellenistic world at the end of the 4th Century BC and their status was elevated Yet still they were viewed negatively the gossip of gadding women which tends to poison the soul Aristotle 330
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