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The notion of human rights is an important ideal in a society that places value on the Kantian ideals of freedom liberty and equality According to Hinman rights are the central concept upon whichpolitical organizations are built Rights set limitations as to what extent others can encroach onto other individuals or groups Human rights are the cornerstones on which society operates socially aiming to provide protection choice and security Customarily rights are used as a justification of the principles and rules that are accepted and employed commonly amongst rational people In discussing rights - particularly liberty and welfare rights I intend to argue that there is a strong distinction between the two whilst exploring the idea of positive and negative rights The strengths of each will be focused on through the theories of Loren Lomasky Lawrence M Hinman John Locke and Immanuel Kant Nonetheless I lean toward agreeing with Lomaskys argument for the priority of the right of liberty over any other kind of right However I will argue that the right to non-interference is a unique exception to this argument Basic human rights as defined by Hinman express the minimum entitlements that are built into the social contract The idea of a basic right is that they are the minimal reasonable demands on humanity and it is only basic if the ability to exercise other rights is reliant on the utilization of that particular right Basic rights are the foundations of all other rights however it is a contentious issue as to what a set of basic rights constitutes Equally contentious is what rights take priority and what duties we have in upholding or perhaps not interfering with these rights A number of philosophers have attempted to clarify the concepts involved in liberty and welfare rights However the arguments made by Loren Lomasky are significant and I will use his insights to support my thesis Fundamentally it is essential to
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