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There are different assumptions about what the ancient Sumerian society was like and authors have found evidence to support that the civilization was exclusively male-dominated and on the other hand there was evidence to support that the Sumerian society was dominated by both male and female Samuel Noah Kramer believes that both men and women had an equal role in the Sumerian civilization Kramers perspective is gaining more acceptance now but before the majority opposed that idea In the earlier Sumerian society before 2000 BC both men and women had an equal role A females role was not just to be the care giver stay home and take care of kids they had a more active role in the society In Kramers book Poets and Psalmists Goddesses and Theologians Literary Religious and Anthropological Aspects of the Legacy of Sumer he presents the reader with many examples of both men and women ruling the Sumerian civilization According to the author in the earlier days of the Sumerian society woman may have been mans equal socially and economically at least among the ruling class Furthermore in the religious sphere the female deity was venerated and worshiped from earliest times to the end of Sumers existence There was some manipulative favoritism on the part of the male theologians God in Sumer never became all-maleThe author states that before Urukaginas reign who was a king in Lagash one of Sumers important city-states women practiced polyandry in which a woman has more than one husband This would be improbable if the society was a male-dominated society During Urukaginas rule his wife Shagshag was the mistress of vast estates and ran her affairs equal to her husbands Urukaginas predecessor Lugalandas wife Baranamtarra also managed her own estates and even sent diplomatic missions to her counterpart in neighboring city-states without consulting her husband many administrative documents concerned with this woman have been uncovered Kramer also talks about how
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