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From 1946 to 1954 the USA gave over a 1 billion to France to help them defeat the Ho Chi Minh and reclaim territory they lost during World War II in south East Asia mainly Vietnam In spite of this France failed to win and Vietnam was divided in two The north was communist and the south capitalist President Eisenhower then decided to send in weapons and money to the south which was ruled by Diem to help them defend themselves from Communism However Diems government was corrupt He used US money to bribe others and sometimes sold the weapons giving to him by America to the Communist North His government was very unpopular and this led to open rebellion in November 1963 During which Diems government was overthrown and he was killed Kennedy now began to take Vietnam more seriously Ships were sent in to patrol the coast for NLF agents The NLF retaliated by attacking one of the ships in turn giving Johnson who replaced Kennedy the go-ahead he needed to launch a full-scale war Johnson announced the war creating a huge wave of public interest which as we will see wasnt always in the US Armys favour Mass media at the start of the war was quite optimistic Papers and magazines did not want to appear unpatriotic and so they were seen to welcome the war There were films introduced as pro-war propaganda- eg The Green Berets which starred John Wayne It grossed 8 million showing how much the people supported the war There was also contemporary film or the newsreel At the start of the war it showed anti-war demonstrations as unpatriotic and approved of the war This also appealed to a wide audience and was a very powerful mass media tool If the News broadcasted the war in a positive light it would usually rub off on the normal viewers at home Contemporary literature also shows us the extent to
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