scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,758
Midwifery being with woman however the profession has been continouosly shaped by historical social and political events The following essay is a critical analysis of the factors involved in the evolution of twenty-first century midwifery in Victoria Australia In Australia until the early 19th century midwives were the main carers during a womans labouring until the intervention of medical dominance Medical dominance and its oppression of midwifery will be analysed followed by the model of care Further factors such as continuity of care birth centres education midwifery legislation sociology research and reflection are discussed as contributing to the evolution of twenty-first century midwifery in Victoria Medical Dominance and the oppression of midwifery by obstetrics Medical dominance and the oppression of midwifery have been significant factors in the evolution of midwifery During the first half of the 19th century traditional midwives carried out two thirds of all births in New South Wales However towards the end of the 19th century midwives influence have began to lessen and were oppressed by the male dominated medical profession By the 1930s traditional midwives had almost disappeared in Australia In place of midwives emerged midwifery nurses who worked under the direction of the medical profession Purcal 2000 This had a detrimental effect for midwifery profession The medical model of childbirth has blurred the line between midwifery and obstetric practice so that midwives came to be seen as an obstetric nurse the doctors assistant As a result the role of midwives was eroded and their professional independence removed Bates 1997 It has been argued that midwifery in the health care system have come to reflect the sexual division in society For example Oakley cited in Bates 1997 described the obstetrician as the fatherhusband figure and the midwife as the mother wife and the childbearing woman as the child The medical dominance changed midwifery care and womens experiences Increasing hospitalisation and medicalisation of pregnancy and birth came to dominate womens
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA