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BIOETHICS Progress in the pharmacological medical and biological sciencesinvolves experimentation on all living species including animals and humans Theeffectiveness of medications investigative procedures and treatments must at some point betested on animals and human beings Although tests are conducted much more frequently onlab animals especially those most related to humans they do not provide sufficientinformation The history of medicine shows that there has always been a need forexperimentation on human beings Examples of these consist of the inoculation of Newgateprisoners in 1721 who had been condemned to death with Smallpox In 1796 Edward Jenneralso studying Smallpox inoculated an eight year old boy with pus from a diseased cow Thelist goes on and such experiments continue even until today Nowadays these experiments would be ethically and legally unacceptableNevertheless there have been clear documented cases of abuse in recent times An exampleof this is the experiments conducted by Nazi doctors on prisoners in the concentrationcamps during the Holocaust Does this mean that since there is potential for abuse allexperimentation should be banned This would mean that society would be condemned toremain at the same level of knowledge status quo Bioethically speaking how far can we go in the study of the humanwithout crossing the line The fundamental question is since we are the ones drawing theline where do we draw it The purpose of this essay is to provide a clear sense of the presentlaw on this issue Second to review the problems raised by experimentation on animals Toshow some different examples of bioethics Third to show the biblical view of the matterFinally to bring the reader to his or her own clear conclusion without a bias opinion onthe matter THE CURRENT STATE OF THE LAW Biomedical experimentation on human subjects raises many complex legalproblems that the law must deal with accordingly For example infringement on the rulessubjects the researcher not only to criminal sanctions but also civil sanctions damagesfor harm caused administrative sanctions
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