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Over the past thirty years there has been a steady increase of migrants with a clear trend illustrating immigration into the developed nations Lowell 2007 Immigrants are arriving in the UK from a greater variety of countries immigrating for a greater variety of reasons Reeve 2008 Supporting statistics can be found in the Born Abroad project BBC News 2005 This New Migration is pushing the UK into an era of super-diversity where the UK population speaks over 300 languages Set to continue This report will examine the drivers of immigration trends and immigration policy in the past and present in order to determine the future prospects of immigration in the UK The key drivers to be considered are political drivers government policies and debates economic drivers domestic and global economic climate and demand for labour social drivers social conditions and demographic changes technological drivers increased access to and advancements in technology This report will consider how the volume of immigrants entering the UK is affected as well as assess the experiences of immigrants in the UK is short medium and long term Immigration as a driver of policy change itselfImmigration is not a new phenomenon in the UK and always has invoked controversy In the 1960s commonwealth immigrants from a diverse range of ethnic backgrounds arrived in the UK this prompted a widespread public outcry against black and minority ethnic BMR immigrants and social tensions across the UK escalated Adi 1995 Hewitt 2005 However these harsh social conditions directly prompted the UK government into action and by the 1980s anti-discrimination policies were implemented Parliament UK 2013 Hansen 2007 This made the UK relatively strong stance on anti-discrimination and is still the case today Miller et al 2013 Home Office 2010 In fact MIPEX 2013 finds the UK ranks second out of all of the EU countries in the Anti-discrimination Rankings This attracts immigrants to the UK Gill and Raiser 2012 The ethnicity of immigrants
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