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Idealism in its philosophical sense is the view that mind and spiritual values are fundamental in the world as a whole Idealism came to be used as a philosophical term in Germany during the eighteenth century This type of philosophy opposed the Empirisistic views of such philosophers as David Hume by stating that there are no such things as structural simples atomisms or external relationships Idealists argued that the world and our reality is a complex network of smaller parts interconnected to form the whole or totality As such for the idealist philosopher Art and Biology were emphasized as structural comparative models of the world for their philosophy For example a painting being a work of art as seen by the idealist point of view is a complex structure composed of smaller parts where the whole wouldnt be what it is if not for the individual parts The same for biology where an organism such as a human being wouldnt be a whole or totality without the smaller microscopic singles that form the whole that we perceive as a human Thus for what Hume had referred to as simple structures standing in external relations to other external objects the idealists would argue They would point out that all objects and people are internally related in view of a larger broader reality They are prepared to argue that even if an object may not appear to be related to another or one which may not seem significant to the human eye does indeed in the scheme of things affect us The idealists also maintain that all substance is complex rather then simple in the whole of reality and our reality is actually a system of relationships where external relations dont exist and all relations are part of a network or whole The idealists disagree and argue on various points with empiricist and rationalist philosophers On one such issue is the idea of truth The truth
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