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Word Count: 563
Somalia had an economy based on trade between small breeders and small agriculture Despite drought the country remained self-sufficient on alimentary product during the 60s and 70s During the 1970s decade population transfer programs permited the development of an important commercial sector Breeding until 1983 breeding represented 80 of Somalia importation takings At the beginning of the 80s the IMF and the World Bank imposed a program of reforms This program led to the colapse of the fragil balance between Nomad and sedentary sector One of the goal of this plan was to collect money to refund the IMF and other creditors from several debts In 1989 the IMF loan was void because Somalia had failed to pay previous interests Somalia had to comply with the SAP in order to have new loans The results are well known The collapse of the state civil war famine and finally the intervention of the United Nations and US soldiers Le desordre des nationsp21 The effects the SAPs on society are felt by the poorest For exemple spending on healthcare has fallen in most of the worlds poorest countries since 1980 In Uganda 4 is spent per person on healthcare compared with 23 per person on debt repayment Because of budget cuts Sub-Saharan Africa is very vulnerable to basic disease such as Cholera that are making a come back at a catastrophic pace owing to the breakdown of water and sewage systems triggered by the economic crisis Dark Victoryp55 The IMF encourages governments to cut backspending and to downsize government department thus a rise in employment the damage in Education Sub-Saharan Africa is significant for example the percentage of 6-11 years old enrolled in school has fallen from approximatively 60 in 1980 to less than 50 in 1990 WWWJubilee2000ukorgsilenthtml The cut in subsidies for farmers is important Farmers have less mone while they have to compete with the cashcrops Pesticide and herbicide are expensive and debt among the
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