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1 Mythology and philosophy the rational and the irrational Criteria of rational knowledge Mythology - is the way of explaining and ordering what is explained and interpreted This is a mixture of both reason and unreason of reason and passions Is about non-rational or irrational aspects of human mentality It is the way of thinking what we found around ourselves Mythology is the way of thinking what we found around ourselves Philosophy - tries to separate what is rational and irrational to define what is rational knowledge and what is the relation between rational and irrational And also tries to answer the questions about ends of human life Criteria of Rational Knowledge 1 Objectivity or intersubjectivity of results of the quest fro knowledge 2 Objective or intersubjective testability of the results of knowing - truth Rationalism - knowledge based on methods reasoning argument experience observation proof Method is deduction Irrationalism - individual knowledge there is no method of mystical experience eg mysticism- close to poetry 2The idea of philosophy love of wisdom and contemplation of the divine order philosophia theoria kosmos chaos and nous Philosophy according to Pythagoras Socrates Plato and Aristotle Philosophy from an etymological point of view is the love of wisdom from Greek phileo I love and sophia wisdom knowledge Pythagoras 570 BC was the first philosopher to use this world in this specific meaning but he did mot consider himself a philosopher Philosophers before Pythagoras were wise and the philosophized without knowing they were doing philosophy they were simply interested in finding answers to questions they raised as important or even fundamental for the explanation and understanding the universe and man They were transgressing this popular way of thinking coming to a conclusion that what was a real job for a thinker was to theorize Theorizing and theory as its product is something different from what we would think a theory is Now
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