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Nelson Mandela and the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa Apartheid - means separateness in the Afrikaans language It describes the racial division between the governing white minority population and the non-white population 1948 - The National Party gains control of South Africa and introduces apartheid as one of their policies 1950 - Group Areas Act is enacted It gives a small percentage of land to the black population while the white minority gains control of 80 of South Africa 1960 - The government bans all opposition groups which includes the ANC African National Congress Police kill 69 unarmed protesters in Sharpeville 1964 - Nelson Mandela the main leader of the ANC is convicted of sabotage and trying to overthrow the government He is sentenced to life in prison 1976 - In an effort to suppress civil unrest and protest the government kills 575 people over eight months 1986 - Widespread strikes and riots occur frequently A national state of emergency is imposed allowing unlimited powers to the police and restrictions on the press 1989 - FW de Klerk of the National Party is elected president His goal is to scrap the Separate Amenities Act and end apartheid 1990 - Nelson Mandela is released after 27 years in prison African political organizations are legalized 1993 - After violent riots that claim 1500 lives in less than a year the National Party and the ANC agree on a government of unity in which both parties will be partners for the time being 1994 - Mandela and de Klerk each launch their own campaigns The elections are held and blacks are given their first opportunity to vote Mandela declares an ANC victory and de Klerk offers his cooperation African National Congress - The ANC is a national liberation movement formed in 1912 Its purpose is to unite the African people and spearhead the struggle for fundamental political social and economic change ANC Objectives the creation
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