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Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights states that everyone has the right to education Humphrey et al 1948 As the lead agency for Education for All UNESCO endeavours to strengthen education systems and provides quality education to people at all education levels The approaches available for its realization are spacious and varied However one promising approach is drawing support from information and communication technologies UNESCO 2012 If Information Technology is changing everything will it also have the ability to changing traditional education It is not easy to make a judgment without deep thinkingIn order to investigate the initiation and development of Open Courseware OCW in Peoples Republic of China it is necessary to trace the evolution of OCW in globe view Therefore this chapter reviews a wide range of writings from the corresponding broad concepts distance education DE open learning OL and open educational resources OERs to my target research object open courseware OCW and open courseware in Peoples Republic of China Distance educationDistance education has brought the significant changes to the process of teaching and learning over the past few decades Simonson 2012 The development of distance education is always following the rapid development of information and communication technology Taylor Vice-Chancellor of Global Learning Services published Fifth Generation Distance Education 2000 in which they demonstrated that distance education operations have evolved through the following five generations Taylor 2000First Generation the Correspondence Model PrintSecond Generation the Multimedia Model Print AudioVideo Tapes Computer-based training Computer-based learning etc Interactive video Interactive multimediaThird Generation the Telelearning Model Various forms of audio and teleconferencing Fourth Generation the Flexible Learning Model Interactive multimedia Computer-mediated communicationFifth Generation the distributed knowledge generation model Writing-to-learn Community of practice using various kinds of social software like Wikis or personal learning environments Apparently he provided a division of Generation Distance Education is from the technology perspective Indeed the definition of distance learning is changing with the emergence of newer technologies Commonwealth
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