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I am attempting to write one coherent essay discussing questions three and two I propose to first characterize the opposing views of the savior in Gnosticism and in Orthodoxy Secondly I will compare the Valentinian and classic Gnostics in how they differ and how the Gospel of Truth exemplifies the features of Valentinian Gnosticism The Orthodox view the church as a necessary medium between the laity and god they argued that without the church and the hierarchy of clergy the congregation would not be able to attain god on their own They saw the coming of gods kingdom as a literal event They also saw it preposterous thought to separate the body from human life That is they saw Jesus as both flesh and spirit that were inseparable The Orthodox considered the crucifixion of Jesus as a historical account They viewed Jesus as a martyr that sacrificed his life so that we may live It was believed that the martyrdom of Jesus allows for the forgiveness of sins and ensures resurrection and our life everlasting this sacrifice allowed us to release our guilt and receive forgiveness for our sins On the matter of what Jesus was the Gnostics vehemently disagreed with the Orthodox Church Gnostics believed that Jesus was more than a human martyr Gnostics believed that the Holy Spirit Christ and Jesus of Nazareth were two separate entities They felt that Jesus was a man of flesh who at baptism received the Holy Spirit and became Christ They looked at it as though the spirit of Christ was occupying the body of Jesus until the crucifixion where the spirit was transfigured and released so that we may attain salvation Gnostics and the Orthodox Church also argued over the point of the suffering or the passion of Jesus Gnostics felt that Christ only appeared to suffer and die it was the body that suffered and when Jesus passed the spirit was
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