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Word Count: 970
As the title of the book suggests Candide is synonymous with optimism Pure and unbelievably naive Candide follows the philosophy taught him by Pangloss that this is the best of all possible worlds Voltaire uses Candide as a tool to show the absolute ludicracy of complete optimism At points Candide calls into doubt the credibility of Pangloss philosophy but is sure to return to it when even the slightest bit of hope rears its head This undying optimism however foolish it is portrayed throughout the book does provide for Candide that which is nearly impossible for the other characters in the novel to find happiness Though it may be out of naivet or ignorance Candide is happy at many points in the book especially any point where he has a chance to see his darling Cunegonde again He seldom dwells on his misfortunes and looks to the future for hope while many of the other characters mull over what a horrid existence they lead The Venetian Nobleman Lord Pococurante relates to Candide in a manner slightly different than most of the other characters While most other characters differ from Candide by their pessimism most notable Martin who seems to be the antitheses of Candides optimism Lord Pococurante is unhappy with life because he is supremely jaded with what the world has to offer He is thus Candides opposite as much as Martin though the opposition is based upon the nobles jaded state versus Candides naive one By the books conclusion Candide is no longer convinced of Pangloss philosophy throwing out systematic optimism Voltaire has thus used Candide to show the effects of optimism in practice on ones life and also to reject the theory effectively showing Voltaires opinion on this philosophy popularized by Alexander Pope in his Essay on Man Candides esteemed teacher of metaphysico-theologo-cosmolo-nigology is portrayed from start to finish as something of a fool He represents in the book exactly
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