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Google defines punishment as the infliction or imposition of a penalty as retribution for an offense Looking back as far as Ancient Greece one could find much evidence for prosecution and execution of individuals as punishment for a variety of different wrong doings According to Danielle Allen of STOA Publications punishment is derived from the anger of a victim and therefore is the root of law itself From the Greeks to the Romans and Egyptians all the way up through the Middle Ages and the present punishment and law have perpetuated in society It is believed that humans are pugnacious or combative in nature and therefore when filled with anger feel the need to seek revenge In the case of ancient societies revenge was extremely prevalent through the use of Hammurabis idea an eye for an eye In more recent times the point of having a legal system is to replace the notion of revenge with that of justice and a fair trial Looking back to Ancient Greece around 500 BC gives us a good idea of how civilized populations began to shape and form the first concepts of law and public order Our earliest examples of public punishment and ideas of laws and justice come from Greek city-states The polis which is the Greek word for city claimed monopoly over all written laws dispute settlements and punishment of criminals A similar body today would be the Supreme Court of the United States This is where all criminals were tried and given sentencing upon committing a crime According to philosophers from that time such as Plato and Socrates Athenian justice was focused primarily on retribution and deterrence In other words criminals were sentenced with what they were deserving of and seriously enough to stop the crime from reoccurring in the future Plato especially did believe in the use of torture or cruel punishments He believed that crime was committed as a result of ignorance and
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