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Pascals Wager is three arguments on why you should believe in Gods existence or take steps in believing in Gods existence Blaise Pascal a 17th century mathematician physicist and theological writer Pascal came up with these arguments to try to help people believe in God or just take steps into trying to believe in Gods existence Three different arguments are presented each can be wagered Pascal was not impressed by justifications of theism his projects were different from others Pascal seeks to provide prudential reasons for believing in God Ian Hacking describes the wager as The first well-understood contribution to decision theory Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy SEP These decisions take an important role in Pascals argument Decisions under uncertainty nothing more is given but decisions under risk the subjective probabilities to various states of the world Pascal left all his Pensees in note form Hacking describes the infinite-nothing consisting of Two pieces of paper covered on both sides by handwriting going in all directions SEP The formulation of the argument in the parlance of modern Bayesian decision theory might seem somewhat anachronistic for example Pascal did not distinguish between what we currently call objective and subjective probability SEP Pascal argues three wagers first the Argument from Superdominance second the Argument from Expectation and finally the Argument from Generalized Expectations Pascals Wager and lastly the objections for each argumentFirst the Argument of Superdominance Pascal states that we are incapable of knowing whether God exist or not yet we must wager one way or another Pascals first key passage states God is or He is not But to which side shall we incline Reason can decide nothing here There is an infinite chaos which separated us A game is being played at the extremity of this infinite distance where heads or tails will turn up Which will you choose then Let us see Since you must choose let us see which interests you least You have two
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