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Critically assess the case for paternalism Justifications of policies on paternalistic grounds Use two recent policies in New ZealandPaternalism in relation to public policy refers to the interference of the government or state with a persons life without their consent and such actions are motivated by a claim to protect the person coerced or targeted from self-inflicted harm as a result of their uncertain choices and preferences This essay discusses the two justifications of paternalistic policies based on Gerald Dworkings studies in which he indicated that paternalism can only be justified if i dangerous decisions are involved have far reaching consequences and substantially permanent and ii the subject of coercion is acting under psychological compulsion or under unusual social pressure State paternalism routinely raises conflict between governments legitimate purpose of ensuring its citizens well being and the citizens legitimate right to personal liberty and self-determination Nonetheless this essay strongly supports paternalism and the governments intervention as the benefits of its paternalistic policies outweighs the costs of an individuals choice or behavior Statistics research and results of two recent policies in New Zealand - the National Drug Policy 2007 and the Suicide Prevention Policy 2006 stated that paternalism brings about more good than harm in contrast to the results based on the anti-paternalism arguments put forth by John Mill In Morality and Law 1971 Gerald Dworking claims that paternalism is justified only when dangerous decisions are involved have far reaching consequences and substantially permanent For instance people began to take addictive drugs such as alcohol methane cannabis and tobacco with or without knowing the effects If the government tolerated such action to continue the individual will face the long term and permanent effects concerning health issues such as lung diseases heart attack stroke as well as reducing their life expectancy as a result of their decision to take drugs It is in situations like these that the government is called upon to intervene with peoples personal
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