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At a time when the Church was a central authority and possessed great political power using religion as a constraining force over people The Enlightenment of the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was a critical reaction against traditional authority1 p7 During this time period multiple explanations of the rational and the imaginative emerged from faith and scientific law R Descartes and Isaac Newton are principal figures when it comes to using natural methods to explain the divine4 p 1 2 William Blake felt the Enlightenment privileged the rational over the imaginative and explicitly reacts to this misconstrued narrow thought process in his work The Marriage of Heaven and Hell Blake clashes science poetry rationality and imagination to show the limitations and problems that privileging the rational has had by exploring the imaginative in a diabolic way Very soon into The Marriage of Heaven and Hell Blake criticizes the dispensation of the rational over the imaginative Reason over Energy by stating Without Contraries is no progression Attraction and Repulsion Reason and Energy Love and Hate are necessary to Human existence From the contraries spring what the religious call Good Evil Good is the passive that obeys Reason Evil is the active springing from Energy Good is Heaven Evil is Hell6 Plate 3 He says that both are necessary if progression is to occur Hence Blakes title The Marriage of Heaven and Hell This is contrary to Enlightenment way of thinking as good has outweighed evil because of the strong religious political influence the Church has flexed Blake dismisses the advantage that has been placed upon good over evil by taking on a diabolical voice and condemns the Church as it has condemned men by explaining that All bibles or sacred codes have been the causes of the following Errors6 Plate 4 then affirming that the following Contraries to these are true6 Plate 4 Blake uses this rejection of the bible to point out the misleading notions
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