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I Introduction Lori is four year old and she is at Piagets preoperational stage According to Piagets description of the preoperational stage children they cannot understand his conservation tasks This preoperational stage children can use representations mental images drawings words gestures rather than just motor actions to think about objects and events Thinking now is faster more flexible and efficient and more socially shared Thinking is limited by egocentrism a focus on perceptual states reliance on appearances rather than underlying realities and rigidity lack of reversibility Flavell miller 1993 The young children do not have abilities to have operations mental actions that obey logical rules Instead their thinking is rigid limited to one aspect of a situation at a time and strongly influenced by the way things appear at the moment Berk 1999 According to Piagetian conservation tasks preoperational stage 2-7 years old children lacked the knowledge to conserve Conservation means the understanding that certain physical characteristics of objects remain the same even when their outward appearance changes Berk 1999 Piagets test for conservation of number is described as two rows with same number of things examples coins fruits and candies that are equally spaced Initially young children knew these two rows had same number If one row is shortened children failed to notice that the two rows are the same Piaget said young children did not realize these two rows are still the same number because they confused and did not see what adults see that help them to understand the task Piaget said the ability to understand this task is in the face of a perceptual change and the young child tends to be fooled by the misleading perceptual appearance Flavell miller 1993 On the Piagets task for conservation of length he described this task as showing young children the two pencils two pens or two sticks with the equal length and children knew they were the same length If showed them by
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