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Platos theory of forms also called his theory of ideas states that there is another world separate from the material world that we live in called the eternal world of forms This world to Plato is more real than the one we live in His theory is shown in his Allegory of the Cave from The Republic Book VII where the prisoners only live in what they think is a real world but really it is a shadow of reality According to Plato to the prisoners in the allegory and to humanity in the material world truth would be literally nothing but shadows and he believes us to be as ignorant as the people in the cave Plato followed the belief that in order for something to be real it has to be permanent and as everything in the world we live in is constantly changing he assumed there must be something else In his eternal world of forms there is an ideal form of every object there is in this world Plato answers the question what is beauty by discovering the essence of true beauty The reason one recognises something has being beautiful is because we have an innate knowledge of something that is beauty ie we know of the form of true beauty in the eternal world of forms and everything we see compares to that Something is only beautiful if it shares characteristics with the form of beauty in the other world The most important form is the form of the good portrayed by the sun in the allegory of the cave Aristotle was Platos main critic and was once a pupil of Plato Aristotle and many other philosophers who came after Plato criticised Platos view that these ideal forms had an independent existence Many people believe that there must be something to which we compare all objects and something that makes something what it is and not something else But
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