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Plato's Notion of Justice in The Republic and The Trial and Death of Socrates, Socrates as a Just Person, and Socrates's Comparison to Our Society
Word Count: 2,413
I Introduction In reality for a long time past we have been talking of justice and have failed to recognize her claims Plato in The Republic 153 Plato being the brilliant philosopher that he is deals with justice and its virtues day in and day out He is constantly questioning in a society where inquiries are not welcome Throughout both The Republic and The Trial and Death of Socrates Plato looks at justice from a number of different aspects In reading them one will be able to evaluate Platos notion of justice whether or not Socrates is a just person and how Socrates compares to our society II Platos notion of Justice Throughout On Virtue in the State and in the Soul from Platos The Republic Socrates is searching for the definition of justice He decided that he and his friend Glaucon would have to determine the three other virtues courage temperance and wisdom first After they did this justice would be defined by whatever was left The topic of wisdom was their first stop on their quest for justice Platos belief is that wisdom is held by the guardians a small part of society that have the only knowledge worthy to be called wisdom Republic 147 However they are not the only ones with knowledge The smiths are very knowledgeable as well but their intelligence is strictly focused on their particular trades In fact the carpenter or the blacksmith is most likely smarter than the guardians when it comes to their respective fields but wisdom comes from knowledge not about any particular thing in the State but about the whole and considers how a State can best deal with itself and with other States Republic 146 Furthermore in order to obtain Platos view of justice one must be knowledgeable in all aspects of life as opposed to a specialist in only one or two fields Courage was defined as controlling personal desires and wants
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