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Word Count: 763
Justice Plato who speaks through Socrates seperates people based on their innate strength intelligence and courage Those who are not overly bright or strong or brave are best suited to various productive jobs such as building farming and smithing Those who are bright strong and especially courageous are suited to defensive and policing professions Those who are extraordinarily intelligent virtuous and brave are suited to run the state itself that is Platos ideal state is an aristocracy a Greek word that means rule by the best The lower end of human society which as far as Plato is concerned consists of an overwhelming majority of people in a state he calls the producers since they are most suited for productive work The middle section of society a smaller but still large number of people make up the army and the police and are called the Auxiliaries The best and Brightest a very small and rarefied group are those who are in complete control of the state permanently Plato calls these people Guardians in all things and the Producers obey the Auxiliaries and Guardians in all things A state may be said to be intemperate if any of the lower groups do not obey one of the higher groups A state may be said to be just if the Auxiliaries do not simply obey the guardians but enjoy doing so that is they dont grumble about the authority being exercised over them a state with ordinary justice would require that the Producers not only obey the Auxiliaries and Guardians but that they do so willingly Ordinary justice is basically the morality in the community or outer morality But to achieve this outer morality They must have inner morality which is morality in an individual or psychic harmony Later Plato identifies the intellect with the Guardians the spirit of emotions with the Auxiliaries and the bodily appetites with the Producers Therefore an individual is courageous
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