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During the years between 1000 and 1400 the East Asian region saw extensive change and development concerning the nature of the elites that ruled respective countries In China there was the growth of the examination culture Japan experienced the emergence of the Samurai Korea saw the growth of the Yangban and Vietnam became content with a tribute system to China Each of the respective countries grew and developed independently and for the most part were able to distance themselves from China and begin to form their own national identity along with their own system of ruling elites In China there is a definite beginning to the new political elite which stems from the transition from the Tang to Song dynasties culminating in 960 The Zhao Brothers who are the leaders of the revolution and the only ones able to consolidate power know that they are only military strong men and realize that they need a system that will help prevent them from loosing power As a result they look away from the landed aristocracy that had previously ruled China and in the fighting has been greatly weakened and focus their attention on creating a new political structure to develop government officials The Zhao brothers institute the Confucian Examination System CES which no longer relies on recommendation but is merit based The provincial exams are held every three years with the number of people passing the final exam Jinshi being around 100-150 out of the original 100000 Around this examination system there was now a rise of a new elite the Literati With the beginning of the CES there began a steady decline of military power in China and the emergence of the Literati During the Mongol invasion the exams were stopped which led to cultural development of the Literati because they had no political power with the Mongols but with the re-institution of the exams by the Mongols in 1313 the Literati again begins once
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