scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 1,465
Prenatal alcohol exposure is a preventable cause of birth defects including mental retardation and neurodevelopmental deficits Since the initial recognition in 1968 of the multiple effects that alcohol can have on the developing fetus 1 and the subsequent delineation in 1973 of fetal alcohol syndrome FAS 2 it has become clear that prenatal alcohol exposure can be associated with a wide range of abnormalities 3 More than 80 of children with FAS demonstrate prenatal and postnatal growth deficiency mild to moderate mental retardation microcephaly infantile irritability and characteristic facial features Fifty percent of affected individuals also have poor coordination hypotonia attention deficit disorders with hyperactivity decreased adipose tissue and other identifiable facial features Additionally 20 to 50 of affected children demonstrate a variety of other birth defects including cardiac anomalies hemangiomas and eye and ear anomalies 241516 Even in the absence of growth retardation or congenital abnormalities children born to women who drank alcohol excessively during pregnancy appear to be at increased risk for attention deficit disorders with hyperactivity fine-motor impairment and clumsiness as well as more subtle delays in motor performance and speech disorders 4 These findings have been referred to as fetal alcohol effects FAE As recently described FAS and FAE produce profound cognitive behavioral and psychosocial problems that persist to date of follow-up of those affected In the most comprehensive and far-reaching study to date Streissguth et al 5 traced the natural history into adulthood and demonstrated the profound pervasive and persistent nature of the biopsychosocial manifestations of these disorders Cognitively those affected maintained subnormal intellectual functioning demonstrated specific arithmetic deficiency had extreme difficulty with abstractions such as time and space cause and effect and could not generalize from one situation to another They also demonstrated inattention poor concentration memory deficit impaired judgment and impaired comprehensive and abstract reasoning Behavioral problems such as hyperactivity and
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA