scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 979
Juvenile Justice Policy Reform It is a disturbing fact that the number of delinquency cases handled by juvenile courts increased 43 between 1985 and 2000 Office of Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention 2000 According to Snyder 2000 Delinquency offences are acts committed by juveniles that would be crimes if committed by adults OJJDP 2000 Here is the question to discuss What causes these youth to behave the way to get involved in the illegal acts and who and how to deal with this problem Indeed this paper will discuss about the approaches and legal mechanisms that address the issue of juvenile delinquency Apparently juvenile justice policy has been swinging between different approaches throughout its history of development and implementation Jenson Howard 1998 According to Bernard 1992 the first institutions to treat juveniles separately from adults was established in 1825 as cited in Jenson Howard 1998 Then in 1899 the first juvenile court was opened that processed juveniles cases From there on the juvenile justice system was gradually putting an emphasis on rehabilitative approach until 1960s adopting social casework and psychotherapy Jenson Howard 1998 During the 1960s legal rights for juveniles were expanded to due process consideration which include the rights to counsel and protection against self-incrimination Consequently juvenile court procedures became similar to criminal justice proceedings Jenson Howard 1998 In addition as it was pointed out by Krisberg and Austin in 1993 state training schools for delinquents had become large inefficient and costly as cited in Jenson and Howard 1998 Martinson 1974 stated that the institutions were ineffective in reducing recidivism as cited in Jenson Howard 1998 Obviously this is when the concepts of deinstitutionlization and community-based programs were introduced to the juvenile justice policy It appears that during 1970s and 1980s the juvenile court has endeavored to retain a balance between rehabilitating and punishing offenders Jenson Howard 1998 In 1974 the federal government enacted Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA