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Describe the processes involved in cellular protein synthesis How wouldsynthesis be affected by intake of an otherwise adequate diet that is verylow in glycine or low in tryptophan How would synthesis be affected by adiet that is low in energyProtein Synthesis and Importance of Essential Amino Acids As Well As EnergySourcesTo understand the process of protein synthesis we need to concentrateover central dogma of molecular biology According to which DNAreplicates and gives rise to another DNA molecule then RNA is generatedthrough transcription and further translation occurs in which proteins aresynthesizedInstructions for protein synthesis are provided by genes segment of DNAas genes determine the arrangement of amino acid sequence Hence we cansay here that instructions for protein synthesis are transmitted atconception stage when an individual could receive genetic information fromhis parentsBecause this genetic information is filed in DNA with in nucleus of everycell and this DNA molecule makes m-RNA strand to further transfer thisinformation as it cannot leave the nucleus m- RNA carries the code acrossnuclear membrane to the cells body Where it gets attach to ribosome thatis composed of r-RNA and proteins On ribosome it gives instructions to tRNA so that they could bring required amino acids one by one for theirattachment in a particular sequence on ribosome In this way proteins aresynthesizedActually the process of protein synthesis requires amino acids as thesework as building blocks Though liver can supply non essential amino acidsfor the purpose yet we need to take at least 9 essential amino acids inour diet as glycine and tryptophan as without these whole proteinsynthesis process would be disrupted because partial protein synthesis isnot possible in our cellsHence inadequacy of any of above factor s for instance any component ofprotein synthesis machinery or amino acid may work as a limiting factor inprotein synthesisHow would synthesis be affected by a diet that is low in energy Impact of
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