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Political Background Cardinal Richelieu 1585-1642 - during the reign of the young Louis XIII 1601-1643 the central power of France was dominated by a powerful statesman Cardinal Richelieu - through his friendship with Marie de Medici young Louis advisor he became involved in government decisions - his goals were centralize and strengthen government and abolish opposition to the crown - he weakened the nobles strengthened mercantilism and destroying the power of the French Protestants - 1628 Edict of Nantes is partially revoked taking away military and territorial rights of the Huguenots Edict of Nantes 1598 - Henri IV was originally Protestant but turned to Catholicism after he realized that France was largely catholic and would not accept his protestant beliefs - He then issued the Edict of Nantes which granted religious freedom to French Protestants Huguenots -Protestants were able to run for public office and they expected equal treatment Louis XIV 1643-1715 - I am the state total centralization of power - 1685 Completely revokes Edict of Nantes making Protestant life in France impossible - The departure of these Huguenots delivers a huge blow to the French economy - 1701 Fights over the throne of Spain result in the War of Spanish Succession France lost land to many countries - Austria received the Spanish Netherlands Milan Naples and Sicily - Savoy received Sardinia - Great Britain remained in Gibraltar and annexed the island of Minorca and in Canada Acadia and Newfoundland were given to Great Britain - Divine Right of Kings the belief that the King is appointed by God to do his bidding on earth The King cannot be questioned only endured proposed by Bishop Bossuet - Absolute monarchy Louis XV 1715-1774 - He was a weak King this and the enlightenment era lead to the decline of French monarchy - The economic stability was affected by numerous wars such as the Seven Years War and the American
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