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When we examine the poems The History Teacher and Poetry of Departures through the psychoanalytic theory it is clear that everything a character does is motivated through ideas held in their subconscious A distinct theme in both of the poems aforementioned is the drive of the characters to change the future In Larkins Poetry of Departures the character strives to stay sober and industrious Larkin unlike the guy that can just pick up and leave his life behind Collins The History Teacher showcases the teachers want to protect his students innocence Collins for as long as he can before they realize how truly cruel the real world can be By examining these two characters using the psychoanalytic theory one can understand the motivation behind their actionsThe teacher in Collins poem has a compelling and undying need to preserve the innocence of his students teaching them world history from an extremely optimistic vantage point This desire to create a more innocent future resides in the id region of the characters psyche which houses human desire and controls what drives the individual Eagleton The father of psychoanalysis Sigmund Freud believed that there were two driving forces that motivated behavior the avoidance of pain and the gain of pleasure Eagleton Collins teacher is motivated by the pleasure that he gains from extending the life of his students innocence When the students learn about the dropping of the atomic bomb on Japan the teacher tells them that one tiny atom Collins was dropped obviously avoiding the harsh truth of the chaos and destruction the bomb caused in reality The teacher realizes that the outside world the real world is so cruel and people treat others horribly This man sees that he has the chance to make life seem better for his students if he can just keep them believing in the good things in life he succeeds in preserving their innocence for at least a short while longer Further
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