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States of ConsciousnessDefinition of Consciousness-Awareness of the sensations thoughts and feelings we experience at a given momentDifferent states of Consciousness- Altered states of Consciousness-Naturally occurring sleep and dreaming hypnotic and drug induces states Sleep 4 Stages REM- 1st Stage- State of transition from wakefulness and sleep2nd Stage- Sleep deeper than stage 1 charecterized by slower regular wave patterns3rd Stage- Slow brain waves with greater peaks and valleys in the wave pattern4th Stage- Deepest stage of sleep where we are least stimulitive REM Rapid Eye Movement Stage- Increased heart rate blood pressure and breathing rateDifferent theories related to Sleep-1Unconscious wish fulfillment theory Freud2 Dreams-for-survival theory3 Activation-synthesis theoryHypnosis- A trancelike state of heightened susceptibility to the suggestions of othersMeditation- A learned technique for refocusing attention that brings about an altered state of consciousnessDrug Use- Psychoactive Drugs Addictive Drugs Stimulants Depressants Narcotics Hallucinogens Steroids Dreams- functions and meanings Latent and manifest content- Latent Disguised meanings of dreams Freud Manifest The apparent story line of dreams Freud LearningDefine learning- A relativively permanent change in behavior brought about by experienceWho is Pavlov Ivan Pavlov developed the principles of classical conditioningWhat did he learn through his experiment with dogs Know the following terms and be able to recognize them in examples UCS- Unconditioned Stimulus- A Stimulus that naturally brings about a particular response without having been learnedCS- Conditioned Stimulus- A once neutral stimulus that has been paired with a unconditioned stimulus to bring about a response formerly caused only by the unconditioned stimulus UCR- Unconditioned Response- A response that is natural and needs no trainingCR- Conditioned Response- A response that after conditioning follows a previously neutral stimulus What is the difference between classical and operant conditioningClassical Conditioning- Type of learning which a neutral stimulus brings about a response after it is paired with a stimulus that naturally brings about that responseOperant Conditioning- Learning in which a voluntary response is strengthened or weakendWhat is the main difference between positive
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