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Puritan Authority We shall be as a City upon a Hill the eyes of all people are upon us the Puritan John Winthrop wrote The Puritans left for the New World because of their belief that the Church of England was hopelessly corrupt and no longer stood for their way of life They believed that they could create an ideal Christian society across the ocean which would be a model for others to follow Some even compared themselves to the Hebrews and thought they were founding the New Israel Graebner They would soon realize this goal would be more difficult to achieve then they originally expected The Puritans had difficulty establishing the authority of the Church in the New World due to their own corruption and the deterioration of their society Religion has long been the cause for conflict and turmoil throughout the history of the world and continues to be today Freedom of religion and the separation of church and state have been essential principals in the United States but in the colonial period these were radically new ideas As religious laws had governed the people of Israel so the church would regulate New England society There was no place for toleration in Puritan America Those not in agreement with the colonys purposes and government would be forced to move elsewhere Many people learned this very quickly as they were banished from Massachusetts for various reasons Roger Williams was one of these people He challenged the charter of the colony and preached that the church and state should be separate so the government could not force religion on individuals This threatened the very reason for the colonys existence so the leaders of Massachusetts tried him and threw him out to keep others from following his ideas Roger Williams also disagreed with how the Puritans treated the Indians and their land Land rights of Native Americans were never taken seriously Rather they were
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