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In what specific ways are penal practices racialised and what are theimplications Use theories and examplescase studies to support yourcase define race There is much controversy with regard to race and to therole it plays in shaping the way penal laws are interpreted Some areinclined to believe that the contemporary prison industrial complexreinforces discriminatory attitudes with regard to non-whiteindividuals Skin color has come to represent one of the principalreasons behind harsh behaviors that the penal system puts across towardparticular racial groups In spite of its apparent transparency thejustice system seems to fail in influencing law enforcement agents totreat everyone equally Many of these respective individuals graduallycome to believe that there would nothing abnormal with treating personsbelonging to certain racial groups differently With the number ofindividuals behind bars experiencing a constant increase it appears tobe difficult for the authorities to employ unbiased thinking when itcomes to non-white people In this era of color-blind racism therehas been a corresponding shift from de jure racism codified explicitlyinto the law and legal systems to a de facto racism where people ofcolor especially African Americans are subject to unequal protectionof the laws excessive surveillance extreme segregation and neo-slavelabor via incarceration all in the name of crime control Brewer626 Crime control is thus considered to be an important problem todayand by discriminating against particular racial groups law enforcementagencies believe they can improve conditions in society as a wholeRacism in penal practices is a controversial but pervasive issue inAustralia The Commonwealth Racial Discrimination Act 1975 specificallyprohibits any act involving a distinction exclusion restriction orpreference based on race colour descent or national or ethnic originwhich has the purpose or effect of nullifying or impairing therecognition enjoyment or exercise on an equal footing of any humanright or fundamental freedom in the political economic socialcultural or any other field of public life In this essay I argue thatthe prison industrial complex is the latest in a series of legal andpolitical schemes developed to enforce white
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