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Drug testing in the workplaceNew Zealand currently has no specific laws designed around drug testing in the workplace Employers should be able to randomly drug test their employees as they are liable for their safety This is a sensitive issue and there should be laws in place to protect both the employee and employer This essay will describe why drug testing should be legal I will explain how alcohol and drugs affect workplace safety how businesses are affected economically how testing could have benefits to those workers that abuse substances and whether privacy is really an issueDrug testing in the workplace can increase workplace safety It has been found that substance abusers are the leading cause for all accidental workplace injuries being responsible for around fifty per cent of all workplace injuries and forty per cent of deaths Canterbury Health Laboratories 2013 Under the Health and Safety Act 1992 employers are liable for their employees even when that employee is impaired by alcohol or drugs therefore employers should have the right to randomly drug test their employees to help reduce the chance of incidents in the workplace that affect themselves and co-workers The use of drugs and alcohol even if consumed outside the workplace can lead to employee impairment while at work Poor concentration carelessness risk-taking behaviour and errors in judgement can occur Ministry of Business Innovation Employment 2012 This can lead to a number of workplace accidents that a drug free business will not incur Drug abusers do not just create a high-risk working environment for themselves they also create a high-risk working environment for co-workers pedestrians customers and visitors The National Safety Council reported that 80 per cent of those injured in serious drug-related accidents at work were not the drug abusing employees but innocent co-workers and others Lu Kleiner 2004However it is not just safety that drug abusers can affect it can
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