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Introduction The main reason why the Communists came to power in China was because of the failing policies and actions used by Kuomintang Chinese Nationalists of which the CCP Chinese Communist Party took advantage However in addition to that there were also significant factors such as the poor conditions during the beginning of the twentieth century in the Republic of China and the Japanese War 1937 1945 that led to the insufficiency and weakness of the GMD Chinese Democratic Party during the Civil War Their leader Chiang Kai-Shek lost the support of the majority mainly peasants and intellectuals to the CCP which contributed to their success in war In addition to GMDs actions Mao Zedong the communist leader was able to take over and declare the Peoples Republic of China Early twentieth century Failing of Qing Dynasty The unhappiness in China laid in its problems which arose during the early twentieth century Until the early twentieth century Chinas rule was based on dynasties which followed Confucian theories The Chinese thought of their nation as the center of the world disclaiming any interest in the west Already during the nineteenth century China had been weakened through foreign trade war and influence As the situation started to go worse the people wanted to alter the situation and showed resistance to the foreigners in the Boxers Rebellion This Rebellion and its aftermath prompted some reforms in China however it was too little too late The Qing dynasty was seen to be failing the people of China In 1908 the Dowager Empress CiXi died and her three year-old grand nephew PuYi was proclaimed emperor The discontent even grew further and several groups such as the Tongmengui organized to overthrow the Qing The Republic of China Sun Yatsen a member of Tongmenghui was announced the provincial president of the Republic of China on January 1 1912 Still he was forced to resign from his post because of
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