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Every story except for a select few are bound to continuously recountthe Heros Journey Joseph Campbell defines in his essay what ittakes to be a hero and what the heros journey entails In PauloCoelhos book The Alchemist Santiago portrays the common hero and hisjourney to complete his date with destiny Carl Jung describes therelationship between the personal unconscious and a collectiveunconscious and the correlation to Coelhos idea of the soul of theworld and universal language Paulo Coelho follows these common storytraits so that the reader will be able to see their reflection in thecharacter being portrayed Coelho specifically designed and shaped hisbook around a heros journey and the idea of a collective unconscious sothat the reader would be able journey with Santiago in his journey forself-awareness and self-knowledge because the heros journey is easy torecognize and the idea of collective unconscious is easy to followJoseph Campbell starts out by giving the characteristics of a hero Ahero is most often male is poor always judged by his actions and isprepared to die for his ideals The heros story begins by beingcalled to adventure which takes the hero away from hiss normalmundane life into the unknown world The heros call to adventure canhappen in any way shape or form The hero can even be givensupernatural aid when starting out on his journey The hero then goesthrough three stages of his journey according to Campbell the crossingg of the first threshold the belly of the whale and the road oftrials In the crossing of the first threshold the hero standing at thegate of the new world but is reluctant to continue due to fears andeven contemplates remaining at the threshold for the rest of his lifeEventually the hero moves on and passes through the belly of the whalewhich is a symbol of rebirth for the character The hero focuses inwardand goes through a vast transformation and emerges as a new person thathas gain self-actualization Finally the hero
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