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As a psychology major one of topics that I find most interesting in philosophy is the mindbody problem This can be defined as the relationship between the immaterial mind and the material body Philosophers from all times have contemplated this problem two of which are Rene Descartes and John Searle It is my hope in this essay to present an overview of Descartes and Searles theories as related to animals minds and human minds while putting emphasis on their differences and similarities Ren Descartes is whom we owe the first account of the mindbody relationship to Descartes can be seen as a duelist someone who believes that the mind and the body are not only separate but competent of independent existence He is of the belief that animals can be considered extremely complex machines However he does not clearly state whether he is assured that animals do not have souls Descartes states that even if machines having organs and shapes of specific animals could be created we would have no real way to notice that these were not real animals However if there were machines that resembled humans we would always have two ways of knowing that they were not actual humans The first way is that they would not have the ability to use words in sentences as we do The second is that they would fail at certain tasks every time because they are not working out of knowledge but rather the disposition of their organs The message that Descartes is trying to get across is that it is through the concept of machines that the true differences between humans and animals can be noted Furthermore there is no other animal that can speak and communicate like humans Descartes uses the example of a parrot to illustrate this idea Sure parrots can be taught to speak words like humans but they do not have the capacity to ever
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